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Fracture Mechanics Clip-On Gages – Model 3541

For fracture mechanics studies, these COD gages are in compliance with standardized test methods, such as ASTM E1820 for determination of fracture toughness properties of metallic materials.

Gauge Lengths:

3 – 20 mm

Measuring Ranges:

2.5 mm - 12.5 mm

Temperature Range:

-265 °C to 200 °C with -LHT option

Key Features:

ASTM E399 and E1820 versions available; some models may be used for da/dN at 50 Hz or more

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Description
The Model 3541 is designed for determination of fracture mechanics parameters such as JIC, KIC, R-curve, fatigue crack growth rate (da/dN), and testing to standards such as E1820, E399, E647, etc. These COD gages conform to the requirements of E1820 (the replacement for E813 and E1737) for JIC and R-curve determination. Special configurations are available to meet the requirements of ASTM E399 for fracture toughness (please consult the factory for these configurations). In addition, the modified groove design complies with E1820 tests where greater stability and accuracy results from the sharper groove root. Clip-on gages are used for a variety of fracture mechanics tests, including compact tension, arc shaped, disk shaped, bend specimens or other specimen geometries in compliance with ASTM and other standards organization’s test methods. Clip-on gages can be used directly on test specimens where the knife edges are integral with the test specimen or, alternately, with optional bolt-on knife edges mounted on the test specimen. The Model 3541 extensometers are strain gaged devices, making them compatible with any electronics designed for strain gaged transducers. Most often they are connected to a test machine controller. The signal conditioning electronics for the extensometer is typically included with the test machine controller or may often be added. In this case the extensometer is shipped with the proper connector and wiring to plug directly into the electronics. For systems lacking the required electronics, Epsilon can provide a variety of solutions, allowing the extensometer output to be connected to data acquisition boards, chart recorders or other equipment.
Features
  • May be left on through specimen failure.

  • Full bridge, 350 ohm strain gaged design for compatibility with nearly any test system.
  • Fully enclosed gages to protect from accidental damage.
  • All standard units meet ASTM E1820, ISO 12135, and ISO 9513 Class 1 requirements for accuracy. A test certificate for ASTM E1820 is included. Models are available in 2.5 and 4.0 mm (0.10 and 0.15 inch) measuring ranges for ASTM E399 accuracy requirements. A test certificate for ASTM E399 is included with those models.
  • Sharp grooves per ASTM E1820, E813, and E399 for improved stability when mounted.
  • Includes high quality foam lined case.
  • Maximum operating frequency may be from 5 Hz to >200 Hz depending on COD gage and test apparatus configurations.
  • For da/dN testing or pre-cracking, where maximum frequency (>50 Hz) is required, minimum measuring ranges are recommended.
  • For KIC/JIC testing, maximum accuracy is achieved with the smallest measuring range and the largest gauge length that will perform the test.
Specifications

Excitation:

5 to 10 VDC recommended, 12 VDC or VAC max.

Output:

2 to 4 mV/V, nominal, depending on model

Linearity:

≤0.15% of full scale measuring range

Temperature Range:

Standard (-ST) is -40 °C to +100 °C (-40 °F to +210°F)

Cable:

Integral, ultra-flexible cable, 2.5 m (8 ft) standard

Operating Force:

9 to 14 N (2 to 3 lbs), depending on model
Options
  • Connectors to interface to nearly any brand test equipment
  • Available in special versions
  • Bolt on knife edges
  • Severe environment versions available
  • Shunt Calibration
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